成语——不耻下问

Meaning of the Idiom

bu chi xia wen(not feel ashamed to ask and learn from one’s subordinates)

Confucius was a great thinker, educator, statesman and founder of Confucianism during the Spring and Autumn Period. People all respected him as a saint. However, even a sage such as Confucius did not have all the knowledge and needed to constantly consult others. Confucius never stopped asking questions from different people during his lifetime of learning.

Kongyu, who was at the same time as Confucius, is the minister of Wei. He is not only smart and studious, but also very modest. Kongyu made important contributions to the state of Wei. After his death, the king of the state of Wei gave him the title of “Wen Gong” in order to let future generations learn and carry forward his studious spirit. Later generations Revere Kongyu as Confucius and Confucius as Confucius.

One of Confucius’ students, Zi Gong, was also a man of Wei . He was not convinced that Kongyu was worthy of such a high honor. Once Zi Gong asked Confucius, “Sir, Kongyu is indeed very high in knowledge and talent, but there are many others more outstanding than him. Why should he be given the title of ‘Lord Wen’?” The Confucius answered with a smile, “Kongyu was very diligent and studious, clever and agile, and if he did not understand anything, even if the other person was not in his position or knowledge, he would be generous and modest to ask for advice, and would not be ashamed of it. Therefore, it would not be inappropriate to give him the title of ‘Lord Wen’.”

After this explanation, Zi Gong was finally convinced.

不耻下问

 [bù chǐ xià wèn],原意是不把向学问、地位等不如自己的人请教当成可耻的事。形容谦虚、好学。

出自《论语·公冶长》。

例句

我们应当虚心向别人学习,不耻下问,对同学们的提问,要求有问必答,并要求尽可能给出正确的答案。

不论是学习什么,我们都要抱着不耻下问的态度,这样才能学好。

一个人只要勤奋好学,不耻下问,就定能日益长进。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
遵奉指遵照奉行。
例句:穆斯林遵奉的古兰经,是先知穆罕穆德创立伊斯兰教的经典。
act on; faithfully obey 
请教指请求指教;请求告诉。
例句:好容易见到面,我想请教您一件事。
consult
不服气意思为不心服、不认输。
例句:这次输给他,我不服气
unconvinced
恰当意思是正好、适逢。
例句:用清新的花朵来比喻年轻的少女,可以说是再恰当没有了。
proper

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