成语——洛阳纸贵

Meaning of the Idiom

luo yang zhi gui(the price of writing paper went up greatly

In the Jin Dynasty (265-420) there was a famous writer whose name was Zuo Si who, however, was very naughty and did not like to study when he was a small kid. His father often got angry, and yet young Zuo Si was as naughty as ever and would not study hard.

One day, Zuo Si’s father was chatting with his friends. his friends envied him his clever and loverly son. Hearing this, Zuo si’s father sighed, “Please do not mention him. My son Zuo si does not study as well as I did when I was young, although I did not study well enough myself. It appears that he is actually a good-for-nothing.” So saying, he looked disappointed. All this was witnessed by young Zuo Si. He felt very sad, feeling intensely that he would not be able to have a bright future if he did not study hard. So he was determined to study assiduously from then on.

Day after day and year after year, Zuo Si gradually grew up. Because of his unremitting afforts in hard study, he became an erudite scholar and wrote very excellent essays. The “Ode to the Capital of the State of Qi”, which took him one year to write, showed his brilliant literary talent and laid the foundation for his becoming an outstanding writer. then he planned to write an “Ode to the Capitals of the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu Han and Wu” with the local conditions and customs as well as the produce of the three capitals as its content. In order to achieve the desired effect in content, structure and language, he applied himself to research work with great concentration, and was so absorbed in creative writing as to forget food and sleep. It took him ten whole years to finish the writing of “Ode to the Capitals of the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu Han and Wu”, a literary masterpiece.

The “Ode to the Capitals of the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu Han and Wu” was well received by the broad masses of readers after it made its appearance to the public, and people considered it as superbly written as the “Ode to the Western Capital (Changan) and to the Eastern Capital (Luoyang)” written by Ban Gu (32-92) and the “Ode to the Western Capital and to the Eastern Capital” written by Zhang Heng of the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D.220). As the art of printing had not been invented at that time, people who were fond of this “Ode” had to make handwritten copies of it themselves. As there were so many people who vied with each other in making handwritten copies, the supply of writing paper fell short of the demand in Luoyang went up greatly.

This story comes from “The life of Zuo Si” in the book “Literary Field” of The History of the Jin Dynasty. Based on this story, people have coined the set phrase “the price of writing paper went up greatly”, meaning the overwhelming popularity of a new work causes shortage of printing paper, to show how popular an outstanding piece of literary work is.

洛阳纸贵

 [luò yáng zhǐ guì],原义是晋代左思《三都赋》写成之后,抄写的人非常多,洛阳的纸因此都涨价了;后比喻著作广泛流传,风行一时。

出自《晋书·左思传》。

例句

这部作品印行后,一时洛阳纸贵。 

他的推理小说,向来都能引起洛阳纸贵,极为畅销。

她是国内炙手可热的名作家,每一部小说都洛阳纸贵

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
其貌不扬形容人面貌普通,甚至丑陋、难看。
例句:他这个人长得其貌不扬,但非常有才华。
ugly
不善言辞意思是不知道怎么表达自己的思想。
例句:由于他不善言辞,所以一直都没有交到什么朋友。
inarticulate
发奋意思是振作起来,奋发;决定努力。
例句:自从他认识到学习的重要,就发奋读书,终于考取了理想的大学。
work energetically
辞藻华丽意思是文章用很多华丽的词语来描写和修饰。
例句:这首诗辞藻华丽,非常符合她的个性。
flowery
讨教意思是指求教。
例句:看到这位名厨非常热情,他就立刻上前讨教一些烘焙的技巧。
ask for advice 
赞不绝口意思是赞美的话说个不停,形容对人或事物十分赞赏。
例句:对她的演奏,在场的宾客都赞不绝口
full of praise
供不应求意思是指供应不能满足需求,形容某种事物的需求量很大,但供应不足的意思。
例句:这款新手机一上市,就立刻供不应求,非常受大众欢迎。
demand exceeds supply
叹服意思是赞叹而且佩服。
例句:他在球场上的表现真让人叹服
admire deeply
一夜成名意思是极短时间就变的非常出名。
例句:这次音乐会的成功演出,让作曲家一夜成名
rise to fame overnight

成语——图穷匕见

Meaning of the Idiom

tu qiong bi xian(The real intention is revealed in the end)

In the end of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), there was a strong country named Qin. It wanted to annex other countries to unite China.

In 228 BC, the Qin army captured a country and prepared to attack another country named Yan. So the prince Dan of Yan sent a brave man called Jing Ke to assassinate the King of Qin. In order to gain the confidence of the King of Qin, he carried a map of the most fertile part of Yan territory to Qin and hid a sharp dagger in it. He came to Qin and entered the palace. When the king ordered the map be presented, he took out the map and presented it to the king with great respect. Slowly, he unrolled the map. When it was completely unrolled, the hidden dagger appeared. Jing Ke grabbed it and stabbed at the king. But the king dodged the dagger and hid himself behind a big pillar. Jing Ke had never got the chance to kill the king as he was soon killed by the palace guards.

The plan has failed. Later, Qin had wiped off Yan.

The idiom describes the real intention is revealed in the end.

图穷匕见

 [tú qióng bǐ xiàn],战国时,荆轲奉燕国太子丹之命行刺秦王,以献燕国督亢的地图为名,预先把匕首卷在图里,到了秦王座前,慢慢把地图展开,最后露出匕首。后人就用“图穷匕见”借指事情发展到最后,真相或本意露出来了(穷:尽;见:同“现”,显露)。

出自《战国策·燕策三》。

例句

他虚情假意一番之后,便图穷匕见,露出了本来的面目。

心怀不轨的人,终有一天会图穷匕见,露出他的真面目。

对方的诡计图穷匕见,事实真相终于水落石出。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
直捣意思是长驱直入地进攻。
例句:只要攻下这个关卡,将军直捣黄龙的目标就指日可待了。
to attack directly
谋划意思是试图找到解决办法。
例句:他在谋划利用这次机会打倒他的对手。
plan; scheme
伺机指侦候可乘之机。
例句:这只猎豹隐藏在草丛中,伺机捕猎路过的瞪羚。
watch for one’s chance
慷慨悲壮意思是充满正气,情绪激昂,悲痛而壮烈的样子。
例句:这首诗读起来慷慨悲壮,寄托了诗人思念故国的心情。
Passionate tragic
心惊胆战形容十分害怕。
例句:突然窗外的一声炸雷,让在座的人不由的心惊胆战
shake with fear 
镇定自若意思是指在情况紧急时不慌不乱,当作没什么事情似的。
例句:一听到这个噩耗,全家人都慌作一团,只有他镇定自若
remain calm
心怀歹意意思是心里藏着不良的意图。
例句:门外有几个人鬼鬼祟祟,看起来好像心怀歹意,最好对他们当心一些。
Have evil intentions
手无寸铁意思是手里没有任何武器。
例句:面对手无寸铁的平民,这些警察也不敢随便开枪。
Unarmed

成语——嫉恶如仇

Meaning of the Idiom

ji e ru chou(hate evil as one’s enemy)

During the Western Jin Dynasty, most of the officials were from nobles, and they enjoyed many privileges and lived a very luxurious life. During the reign of Emperor Hui, an official named Fu Xian was a decent man and dared to speak out.

One year, there was a famine in various places, many people were homeless, and countless people died of starvation and freezing. Fu Xian immediately reported to Emperor Hui that the people had no food to eat, but Emperor Hui asked incomprehensibly, “Then why don’t they eat meat porridge?” Fu Xian heard this, not knowing whether to laugh or cry, so he detailed the situation of the people to Emperor Hui. When Emperor Hui asked what advice he had, Fu Xian said directly: “Officials are excessively extravagant. Their daily meals cost as much as 10,000 yuan, but the people have no food to survive. The government should punish these wasteful officials.”

After hearing this, Emperor Hui felt that it was very reasonable, and finally made up his mind to dismiss some officials.

Since then, officials have restrained. Therefore, people say that Fu Xian is a serious official and hates evil.

嫉恶如仇

 [jí è rú chóu],指对坏人坏事如同对仇敌一样憎恨。亦作“疾恶如仇”。

出自清·梁绍壬《两般秋雨庵随笔·蔡木龛》。

例句

他一向嫉恶如仇,富有正义感,所以大家有困难都习惯找他帮忙。

这位警察局长是个嫉恶如仇的人。

他是个嫉恶如仇的人,也因此常惹祸上身。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
名门望族指历史悠久而声望很高的家族。
例句:在座的宾客不是商贾名流,就是名门望族
notable family and great clan — gentility
倚仗意思是依赖;依靠。
例句:这个年轻人倚仗警察局长父亲的保护,经常惹事生非。
rely on
骄奢淫逸形容生活放纵奢侈,荒淫无度。
例句:这几个富豪的儿子毫无作为,生活骄奢淫逸,让他们的家族蒙羞。
extravagant and dissipated
流离失所流离:离开家乡,没有一定的居处;失所:失去安身的地方。意思是无处安身,四处流浪。
例句:洪灾之后,遭难的老百姓流离失所,不堪设想。
become destitute and homeless
背井离乡意思是离开家乡到外地。
例句:由于得罪了当地的权贵,他不得不背井离乡,逃到国外。
leave one’s native place
不计其数指没办法计算数目,形容极多。
例句:他收藏的各国硬币种类繁多、不计其数
countless
陈奏意思是臣子向帝王陈述意见或说明事情。
例句:一听到国王询问,一位大臣立刻走出来陈奏事件的起因。
present a memorial to the emperor
啼笑皆非形容处境尴尬或既令人难受又令人发笑的行为。
例句:看到他那夸张的表演,评委们不禁啼笑皆非
not know whether to laugh or cry
直言不讳意思是说话坦率,毫无顾忌。形容一个人说话毫无隐瞒。
例句:你不必多心,我素来是个直言不讳的人。
call a spade a spade
挥霍无度意思指滥用金钱,没有节制。
例句:自从继承了父亲的百万财产,他就挥霍无度,没几年就把财产快花光了。
spend money like water
水深火热本义是像水一样深,像火一样热;比喻人民生活极端痛苦,如同处在深水热火之中。
例句:中世纪的宗教迫害,让当时的欧洲思想禁锢、经济落后,人民处在其中真是水深火热
extreme misery
屡教不改意思是多次教育,仍不改正。
例句:犯错误的人,除了极少数屡教不改的以外,大多数是可以改正的。
incorrigible
趾高气扬指走路时脚抬得很高,神气十足;形容骄傲自满,得意忘形的样子。
例句:他虽然为大家做了一些好事,但那种趾高气扬的神情还是让人有些讨厌。
hold one’s head high
满不在乎形容丝毫不在意、无所谓的样子。
例句:他对老师的批评满不在乎,完全不想改正。
make nothing of 
顽固不化意思是指表示坚持自己的意见,不肯改变,形容人十分固执。
例句:这些顽固不化的犯罪分子,真是死不改悔。 
Unrepentant
气馁(něi)指失去信心与勇气,提不起精神再做任何事。
例句:他多次遇到挫折,但从不气馁
discouraged

成语——因噎废食

Meaning of the Idiom

yin ye fei shi(give up eating for fear of choking 

In the past, there was a man who had a large appetite. When he ate, he devoured ravenously.

Once he wasn’t careful enough so that a fishbone got stuck in his throat. The food was blocked in his esophagus, and he could neither swallow nor vomit. So he called a physician, but the physician could do nothing. The people around looked at him in anxiety. Finally, as he couldn’t breathe, he died of choking.

Afterwards, someone went so far as to issue a ban: Eating is forbidden as from today for the reason that no one will be choked to death if people give up eating.

因噎废食

 [yīn yē fèi shí],原意是指因为有人吃饭噎死了,就想让天下人都不吃饭。后比喻要做的事情由于出了点小毛病或怕出问题就索性不去干。

出自《吕氏春秋·荡兵》。

例句

尽管训练期间有出现死亡事故,但我们不能因噎废食,从此不再训练。

如果你碰到一点困难,就打算因噎废食,那么你此生注定难有成就。

因为担心孩子会摔跤就不让他出门,不是太因噎废食吗?

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
山珍海味意思是山野和海里出产的各种珍贵食品。泛指丰富的菜肴。
例句:今晚的宴会非常隆重,大厅里布置的优美典雅,桌上摆的山珍海味,宾客们都非常满意。
delicacies from land and sea
绫罗绸缎泛指各种精美的丝织品。
例句:远远的就看到一个微胖的妇人穿金戴银, 遍身绫罗绸缎 ,慵懒的坐在大厅的沙发上。
silks and satins
色泽鲜亮形容颜色鲜明、色泽亮丽,非常新鲜的样子。
例句:市场上的渔获非常新鲜,摆在那里色泽鲜亮,非常诱人。
Bright color
香气四溢指香气四处飘溢。
例句:花园里玫瑰花盛开,香气四溢,引得游人纷纷驻足观看。
suffusing an exquisite fragrance all around
大汗淋漓形容因运动或体力劳动等导致浑身出了很多汗。
例句:几圈跑下来,全班同学都气喘吁吁、大汗淋漓
sweat profusely
七嘴八舌形容人多嘴杂,说法不一;也形容饶舌,多嘴。
例句:老师话音刚落,同学们立刻七嘴八舌,讨论起来。
all talking at once
手忙脚乱指因慌乱动作都不协调,形容遇事慌张,不知如何是好。
例句:一听说客人马上要来,她立刻手忙脚乱的准备起来。
hectic

成语——对牛弹琴

Meaning of the Idiom

dui niu tan qin(to play the lute for a bull)

Gong Mingyi was a famous musician in ancient times, who played the lute very well.

One day, while playing the lute indoors, Gong Mingyi saw a cow eating grass leisurely outside the window. He had a sudden whim to play some melodies for the cow. He first played the “Exercise of Qing Jiao”, but the cow still kept on eating grass with head lowered. He seemed to realize that the melody was too highbrow for the cow to understand.

So he played several other melodies, imitating the buzzing sounds of swarms of flying mosquitoes, and the bleats of a calf looking for its companions. At this, to his surprise, the cow stopped eating grass, but raised its head, pricked up its ears, wagged its tail and, pacing up and down in small steps, began to listen attentively.

对牛弹琴

 [duì niú tán qín],比喻对不讲道理的人讲道理,对不懂得美的人讲风雅,也用来讥讽人讲话时不看对象。

出自汉代牟融撰写的《理惑论》。

例句

跟他说了半天,他就是不懂,真是对牛弹琴

对调皮的小明讲道理简直是对牛弹琴

你给他讲那些高科技理论简直是对牛弹琴

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
优美动听指美好、美妙的声音,听起来使人感动。亦有使人感到优美悦耳的意思。
例句:这位女歌唱家演唱的歌剧是那么优美动听,让所有在场的人都非常陶醉。
pleasant to the ears
敬重意思是恭敬尊重,多用于下级对上级的态度。
例句:我们都很敬重这位老教师。
respect
无动于衷衷:内心。心里一点儿也没有触动。指对应该关心、注意的事情毫不关心,置之不理。
例句:对于老师给他提的意见,他无动于衷
poker face
毫无反应指没有一点反应。
例句:看到他对警铃声毫无反应,大家明白原来他是一位听障者。
There is no response
闷不吱声意思是沉默着不说一句话。
例句:老人低下头闷不吱声,只是不停的抽烟,似乎有无限的感慨与牢骚。
silence
模仿指自觉或不自觉地重复他人的行为的过程。
例句:学习绘画,模仿名作是必要阶段。
imitation
哀鸣意思是悲痛哀伤或凄厉地鸣叫。
例句:自从这只天鹅的伴侣去年不幸去世,它就不时地在这附近徘徊哀鸣
a plaintive whine

成语——对症下药

Meaning of the Idiom

dui zheng xia yao(to prescribe medicine for a patient according to his illness)

Hua Tuo was a great medical scientist in China. He had excellent medical skills and always made a right judgement of the illness.

One day, two guys came to his home. Both of them said they had headache and fever. But, after diagnosing two of them, Hua Tuo gave them two kinds of different medicine. These two men were confused and asked: “We have the same symptom, why should we take different medicine?” Hua Tuo smiled: “Although your symptom looks the same, it was caused by different causes. So you should take different medicine.”

Soon after, these two men recovered.

对症下药

  [duì zhèng xià yào],本义是医生针对患者病症用药,后比喻针对事物的问题所在,采取有效的措施。

出自《三国志·魏志·华陀传》。

例句

医生详细地询问了病人的病情,然后对症下药

遇到困难,只要找准症结,对症下药,就一定可以将它解决。

我们平常就要对设备的工作原理作深入了解,以便出状况时能对症下药

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
水深火热本义是像水一样深,像火一样热;比喻人生活极端痛苦,如同处在深水热火之中。
例句:只要能把国家从水深火热里救出来,他就是至高无上的英雄。
an abyss of suffering
疑难杂症意思是不常见、难治愈的疾病。
例句:他是附近著名的医生,治好了很多病人的疑难杂症
difficult miscellaneous diseases
药到病除意思是药一服下病就好了。形容用药效果非常好。
例句:你这病找他治,保证药到病除
As the medicine took effect, the symptoms lessened.
昏厥以突然昏倒,不省人事为特征的急症。
例句:一听到父亲出事的消息,她一下子昏厥了过去。
faint
痉挛指肌肉突然紧张,不自主地抽搐的症状。
例句:刚跳下冰冷的水池,他的脚就立刻痉挛起来,旁边的人急忙把他拽上来。
spasm
目不忍睹意思是指眼睛不忍看,形容景象很凄惨。
例句:当警察来到命案现场,他们发现这里简直就是一个目不忍睹的血腥的战场。
One’s eyes could not bear the scene.
切脉是医生用手指切按患者的脉搏,感知脉动应指的形象,以了解病情、判断病证的诊察方法。
例句:切脉诊疗是我国最早开创的诊断技术。
 feel the pulse
冲服指用水稀释药剂服用,是中药入汤剂的方法之一。
例句:这副药你拿回去,每餐前用水冲服,三天就应该见效。
take (medicine) after mixing it with water.
徒有虚名意思是空有名声,名与实不相符合。
例句:他是一个徒有虚名的音乐家。
in name only
招摇撞骗意思是假借名义,到处炫耀,进行欺诈蒙骗。
例句:他那几个儿子,借父亲的名声在外面招摇撞骗,已经惹了一堆麻烦了。
cheating and lying
伤食指中医学病症名。由饮食过量,脾胃损伤所致。
例句:你今天这不舒服是昨天油腻的食物吃太多,撑得伤食了。
impairment by overeating

成语——不可救药

Meaning of the Idiom

bu ke jiu yao(cannot be saved by medicine)

In the Western Zhou Dynasty, King Li exploited and oppressed the common people and slaves. He greedy monopolized the mountains and rivers, did not allow the people to hunt, chop wood, fishing, also sent spies to monitor their words and deeds; He would kill anyone who talked about him. The people could not bear it anymore. People everywhere rebelled, and the rule of the Zhou dynasty became more and more unstable.

Seeing the Zhou dynasty’s regime in danger, the ministers concerned about the country were very sad. Old minister Fanbo urged King Li to change his oppressive politics. However, King Li did not listen. Some officials mocked Fanbo, saying that he was incompetent and did not understand the situation. Vanbo was so angry that he wrote a long poem expressing his anxiety, including this verse: “Heaven is punishing you, but you are proud. You are too sick to be saved with medicine.”

As expected by Fanbo, in 841 BC, the “people riot” broke out, civilians and slaves took up arms, rushed into the palace, Zhou Li King fled in a hurry, never to return to the capital.

不可救药

[wú kě jiù yào],意思是病已重到无法用药医治的程度,比喻已经到了无法挽救的地步。

出自《诗经·大雅·板》。

例句

不愿听朋友说真话的人,是真正不可救药的人。

这人已经病入膏肓,不可救药了。

他学习不努力,已经到了无可救药的程度。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
剥削(xuē)意思是无偿地占有别人的劳动或产品。
例句:在奴隶社会时期,奴隶主不仅占有生产资料,而且视奴隶为私有财产,残酷剥削奴隶的劳动成果。
exploitation
独占意思是指独自占有或占据。
例句:自从兄弟们离家自立,他就独占了整座房屋。
exclusive
忍无可忍意思是到了不能忍耐的地步。
例句:那些工人忍无可忍,闹出罢工的事来了。
beyond endurance
摇摇欲坠形容十分危险,很快就要掉下来,或不稳固,很快就要垮台。
例句:这老旧的建筑由于年久失修,已经摇摇欲坠
crumbling
痛心意思是伤心,悲愤。
例句:他看到那么多粮食给老鼠偷走了,真是痛心得很。
pained
忠心耿耿(gěng)形容非常忠诚。
例句:她的父亲有一个老仆人,曾经在他手下多年, 忠心耿耿 ,完全可以信赖。
loyal and devoted
昏庸无能意思是糊涂平庸,凶狠残暴。
例句:那个昏庸无能的皇帝由于整日贪图享乐,最终葬送了自己的国家。
incompetent
不识时务指不认识当前重要的事态和时代的潮流;比喻待人接物不知趣。
例句:董事长请吃饭,你都不出席,真是不识时务啊!
be insensible
逞威意思是耍威风。
例句:今年夏天干旱少雨,高温逞威,最好去海边渡假解暑。
To reign
盲目比喻无意义、无目的的一种状态。
例句:日本飞机在附近盲目地扫射了一阵飞走了。
blindness
诚意指诚恳的心意。
例句:他诚意邀请,你就去讲一堂课吧!
sincerity; good faith
戏谑(xuè)用诙谐有趣的话开玩笑。
例句:新婚夫妇接受客人的戏谑和祝贺,满屋子是笑声。
joking
炽盛(chì shèng)如火比喻猛烈旺盛如同火焰一样。
例句:思乡之情炽盛如火,他几乎等不及就想马上出发。
burning
仓皇比喻匆忙而慌张。
例句:小明仓皇的逃出了这间小黑屋。
Panic
分崩离析意思是形容国家或集团四分五裂,不可收拾。
例句:不同派系的权力之争,使这个集团四分五裂,分崩离析
fall to pieces; break up

成语——近水楼台

Meaning of the Idiom

jin shui lou tai(a waterfront pavilion gets the moonlight first)

Fan Zhongyan was a very famous statesman and writer in the Northern Song Dynasty. He is extremely upright, especially good at selecting talents.

When Fan Zhongyan was a governor in Hangzhou, he actively recommended civil and military officials in the city. Many officials were grateful to Fan Zhongyan for getting positions where they could use their talents. There was an inspector named Su Lin, who was not promoted by Fan Zhongyan because he worked in a county outside Hangzhou.

Once, when Su Lin saw Fan Zhongyan on business, he took the opportunity to write a poem to Fan Zhongyan. In the poem, the balcony near the water is the first place to receive the moonlight, and flowers and trees growing toward the sunlight are easy to grow and bloom, showing the scene of spring.

Su Lin is to express his “hero useless land” feeling, cleverly pointed out that close to Fan Zhongyan people have been good, but he has not seen help. After reading Fan Zhongyan understood and laughed. So, according to Su Lin’s wishes, he found a suitable position for him.

This idiom has changed to the opposite meaning in circulation, and is often used to satirize the situation of taking advantage of a certain convenience to get care and take the lead in making profits.

近水楼台

 [jìn shuǐ lóu tái],指靠近水边的楼台;比喻由于接近某人或者事物,而抢先得到某种利益或便利。

出自宋·俞文豹《清夜录》。

例句

他在大学图书馆工作,近水楼台,可以看到最新的书刊。

中小学教师的子女,可以优先到他父母所在的学校读书,这也是”近水楼台“吧。

王医生就住在隔壁,去看病不用超过五分鐘,真是近水楼台

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
博览群书意思是指广泛阅读各类书籍,形容学识渊博。
例句:爷爷一生博览群书,知识渊博,受到大家的敬佩。
very widely read
谦和意思是谦逊平和,容易接近。
例句:先生是一个谦和的人。
modest and gentle
举荐意思是推举、推荐。
例句:他举荐自己的朋友出任这个职位,非常不合适!
recommend
提拔指选拔提升。
例句:他不顾众人的反对,提拔那个年轻人到重要职位。
promote
感慨意思是情感愤激,感叹。
例句:老人连连的点头,似乎有无限的感慨与牢骚。
impressions
心领神会意思是指对方没有明说,心里已经领会。
例句:他对她的手势心领神会
understand tacitly
牟 [móu]利意思是谋取利益。
例句:这些出版人只为牟利,根本不介意文章的好坏。
profit-making

成语——呆若木鸡

Meaning of the Idiom

dai ruo mu ji(Dumb as a wooden chicken)

During the Warring States Period (475-221BC), cockfighting was an activity for aristocrats to enjoy themselves. The King of Qi was a fan of cockfighting. In order to win the cockfighting field, the king of Qi asked an expert, Ji Shengzi, to train his chickens for him.

The king of Qi was eager to win the battle. A few days later, he sent someone to ask ji Shengzi, “The chicken is not well trained. When it sees its opponent, it is eager to try and will not be calm.”

A few days later, the King of Qi sent someone to ask Ji Shengzi again. Ji said, “It is not ready yet. It looks like the chicken is still, but it is not composed enough.”

After several more days, Ji Shengzi finally said to the man, “Please tell the King of Qi that I have worked hard to train the chickens well.” When it came to the cock fighting, his opponent’s chicken screamed and jumped, but Ji Shengzi’s trained chicken looked like a wooden chicken. There was no reaction at all. The other chickens were scared away when they saw his dumb look. Therefore, the king of Qi used the chicken to fight others, and naturally won. Forget his happy look.

Later, people extended this idiom to mean very stupid, but also to mean looking dazed with fear or surprise.

呆若木鸡

[dāi ruò mù jī],原意指呆得像木头雕成的鸡一样,形容一个人有些痴傻发愣的样子,或因恐惧或惊异而发愣的样子。

出自《庄子·达生》。

例句

人们第一眼看见将军的时候,都吃惊得呆若木鸡

听到了这个消息,他一下子变得呆若木鸡。 

这个出乎意料的结局令他呆若木鸡,不知道该怎么办才好。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
好(hào)大喜功比喻一切脱离实际,一心只想做大事、贪大求功的浮夸作风。
例句:订计划要实事求是,不要好大喜功,脱离实际。
crave for greatness and success
劝谏意思是规劝建议。
例句:他不顾大臣们的劝谏,执意要发起战争。
remonstrate
矫健是指强壮健力,英勇威武,身手敏捷。
例句:他的身手真是矫健啊!
strong and vigorous
常胜不败比喻一直保持胜利,没有败绩。
例句:棋艺再精的人也总会棋逢对手,不会总是常胜不败
undefeated
性急意思是性情急躁。
例句:他一时性急,撞到了门口的花瓶。
impatient
恃气意思是凭意气。
例句:被父亲训斥了一顿,他就恃气出走。
With passion
盛气意志旺盛、蓄怒欲发的神态。
例句:同学们都讨厌小王盛气凌人的样子。
be grand and heroic
疑惑不解意思是因为有疑问而困惑不能理解。
例句:他最近的行为使我疑惑不解。 
Be very much puzzled by
勇猛善斗形容勇敢凶猛,善于战斗。
例句:他个性勇猛善斗,经常惹祸。
Fierce competitive
凝寂意思是寂静,端庄镇定。
例句:凝寂的山麓之上几个身影在飞快的晃动着。
silent
交锋指锋刃相交,就是交战,双方正面冲突。也泛指互相争论。
例句:今天的辩论赛是正反双方的初次交锋
cross swords
迟钝指反应迟缓;脑子不灵敏。
例句:就是神经迟钝的人也嗅得出到处都是紧张的空气。
obtuse
沉着形容人从容镇定,不慌不忙。
例句:他冷静沉着,聚精会神地判断如何打败对手。
composure

成语——功亏一篑

Meaning of the Idiom

gong kui yi kui(to fail to make a hill for lack of the last basket of soil)

Once a man planned to build a terrace.

He worked very hard and spent a lot of time digging and carrying earth.

When the mound was almost completed and only one more basket of earth was needed, the man gave up. The terrace was never completed.

This idiom means to fail to succeed for lack of final effort.

功亏一篑

[gōng kuī yī kuì],篑:土筐;原指筑土山,只差一筐土而未能成功。后多用于比喻做一件事只差最后一点努力未能完成,多含惋惜之意。

出自《尚书·旅獒》。

例句

都快爬到山顶了,你却要放弃,岂不功亏一篑 。

实验已进入最后阶段,但因她的疏忽,终于功亏一篑。 

这件事情所以功亏一篑,都因我最后的轻忽。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
安抚指安慰、抚慰发怒或焦虑的人。
例句:这位护士如同一位天使,温柔的安抚每一个病人。
Appease; Pacify
声威意思为声势和威势。
例句:经过几次战役,拿破仑在欧洲的声威大震。
prestige
蛮夷古代泛指周边其他文明程度落后的民族。
例句:蒙古人在当时的中原人眼中,只是一些蛮夷
barbarians
玩物丧志指一味玩赏无益的器物,因而消磨人的壮志。
例句:他要不是沉迷于网络游戏,玩物丧志,早就可以找到一个工作养家糊口了。
excessive attention to plaything saps the will
圣明意思是指英明圣哲,无所不知。
例句:古时候,人民的福祉往往依赖当时统治者的圣明
of keen intelligence and excellent judgment
劝谏意思是规劝建议。
例句:他不顾大臣们的劝谏,执意要发起战争。
remonstrate
昭示意思是指明白地表示或宣布。
例句:这个简单的道理,生活已经昭示过。
make clear to all
沉湎比喻潜心于某事物或处于某种境界或思维活动中,深深迷恋着,无法自拔。
例句:他沉湎于这种颓废的生活,无法自拔。
indulge
声色意思是指说话时的声音及容态。
例句:眼看匪徒穷凶极恶,他不动声色,暗暗将棍子握在手里。
voice and countenance
慎(shèn)行意思是行为谨慎检点。
例句:公司新来了一位脾气暴躁的经理,大家都谨言慎行,生怕被斥责。
careful; cautious
迷惑指辨不清是非;摸不着头脑;使人迷乱。
例句:男孩没听懂这句话的意思,迷惑地望着父亲。
confuse
归附指归顺,依附。
例句:喧腾了一天的院子慢慢归附了平静。
submit to the authority of another
毁于一旦形容在很短的时间内完全毁灭。
例句:这场洪水将农民们多年的心血毁于一旦
be destroyed on one day
引以为戒意思是以他人或自己犯错误的教训作为警戒。
例句:他已犯过同样的错误了,我们应引以为戒
learn a lesson