成语——兴高采烈

Meaning of the Idiom

xing gao cai lie(be in good [high] spirits)

Ji Kang, one of the “Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove” in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, was personable and talented, and many people admired him at that time.

Ji Kang wrote many poems and papers in his life. In his poems, he repeatedly mentioned the danger of the environment. His articles had clear viewpoints and strong debating power, full of Revelations to the society at that time and criticism to the scholars of etiquette and law.

Because of this, Liu Xie, a literary theorist in the Southern Liang Dynasty, describes that Ji Kang is a heroic character, so his articles are noble in spirit and sharp in style.

兴高采烈

[xìng gāo cǎi liè],原义是指文章旨趣高超,辞采峻切犀利;形容兴致勃勃,情绪热烈的样子。

出自南朝·梁·刘勰《文心雕龙·体性》

例句

一听到校长宣布年终考试取消,同学们欣喜若狂,全都兴高采烈地欢呼起来。

女孩穿上了金黄色的蓬蓬裙,兴高采烈地去参加舞会。

两个很久没见的孩子一见面,立刻就兴高采烈地拉手跑向公园。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
风度翩翩意思是形容举止洒脱,气质不凡。
例句:几年不见,再次出现在小梅面前的他西装革履,风度翩翩
chanming
险恶意思是危险可怕。
例句:更为险恶的是他又要在下次的投票前制造事端。
perilous
淡薄指轻淡,微弱。
例句:时间隔太久了,我对他的印象十分淡薄了。
light
虚无指空无所有。
例句:你不能一辈子追求虚无缥缈的东西。
nihility
泰然意思是安定;不放在心上,从而很自如、从容。
例句:她依旧泰然自若,要是换个人早急坏了。
calm
患得患失指担心得不到,得到了又担心失去。后指对于个人的利害得失斤斤计较。
例句:对某些人来说,财富的唯一作用是让他们患得患失
Hesitate
一语道破意思是一句话就说穿了。
例句:我们长期以来的想法和感受,有一天竟然会被一个陌生人一语道破
hit the mark with a single comment
淋漓尽致意思是形容文章或说话表达得非常充分、透彻。也可形容非常痛快。
例句:她在剧中把她那个角色的幽默发挥得淋漓尽致
incisively and vividly

成语——孤注一掷

Meaning of the Idiom

gu zhu yi zhi(to put all one’s stakes on the last cast of dice)

During the reign of Emperor Zhenzong of the Northern Song Dynasty, there was a wise and able prime minister named Kou Zhun. Once, the northern Liao suddenly invaded the Song Dynasty. Kou Zhun suggested, “Your Majesty, the enemy forces are so strong that the only way to boost your morale is to come in person!” Zhenzong thought it made sense, so he took his advice. As expected, the Song soldiers defeated the Liao soldiers, and Zhen Zong placed more trust and trust in Kou Zhun.

Wang Yinruo, a treacherous official, was very jealous of Kou Zhun. He sought every opportunity to slander Kou Zhun. Once, Wang Yinruo gambled with Emperor Zhenzong, deliberately losing several times in a row, and then wagered all his money. Emperor Zhenzong was very surprised and asked him why this was so, so he said to Emperor Zhenzong, “Your Majesty was fighting the Liao army, didn’t you gamble all your money? Kou Zhun risked your life by insisting that you go to war. If we had lost militarily, wouldn’t your life have been in danger?”

Upon hearing this, Emperor Zhenzong became enraged and immediately demoted Kou Zhun.

孤注一掷

[gāng bì zì yòng],意思是把所有的钱一次押上去,决一输赢。比喻在危急时用尽所有力量做最后一次冒险。

出自《宋史·寇凖传》和《晋书·何无忌传》

例句

他决定孤注一掷,冒险去敌人的基地寻找地图。

在警察把他逼入绝境后,逃犯孤注一掷,从楼顶跳了下来。

她为人谨慎,从不冒险做孤注一掷的事。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
精明能干意思是机灵聪明,办事能力强。
例句:他是一个经验丰富、精明能干的医生。
capable
彪悍意思是指强悍,一般形容人长得强壮,勇猛。
例句:他真是一个体格彪悍的斗士。
doughty
势如破竹原指形势如同劈竹子一样,劈开上头几节,下面各节就顺着刀口裂开了。后比喻节节胜利,毫无阻碍。
例句:肖恩在我们俱乐部的网球比赛中势如破竹,赢得了冠军的奖杯。
with irresistible force
督战意思是督率作战。
例句:他刚被任命为统帅,就立刻前往前线指挥督战
supervise operations
落花流水原形容春景衰败,现在形容惨败。
例句:他们在今天的冰球比赛中把我们打得落花流水
utterly routed
忌惮指对某些事或物有所顾忌、顾虑,表现为害怕、顾虑畏惧。
例句:这些盗贼肆无忌惮,经常掠夺甚至残杀沿海的居民。
fear
中伤意思是诬陷或恶意造谣,旨在毁坏人的名誉。
例句:这个孩子在老师面前中伤其他孩子时,他的朋友只是站在旁边默不作声。
slander
万乘之尊意思是帝王的尊贵。
例句:陛下以万乘之尊来到我的领地,让我万分感激!
Your Majesty
城下之盟指在敌军兵临城下时被迫签订的屈辱性盟约。
例句:由于情势危急,他不得不订下这个城下之盟
a treaty signed under coercion

成语——刚愎自用

Meaning of the Idiom

gang bi zi yong(self-willed)

During the Spring and Autumn Period, the two states of Jin and Chu fought a war because of the State of Zheng. The Chu army fought bravely and nearly surrendered the state of Zheng.

The Jin general, Xian Lin Fu, ignored his command and attacked the state of Chu on his own. Wu Can, the official of the state of Chu, told King Zhuang of Chu, “The Jin army will be far ahead of the others. The army will be disunited, and we can launch a campaign to destroy Jin.”

As a result, the state of Chu defeated the state of Jin.

刚愎自用

[gāng bì zì yòng],指倔强固执,自以为是;形容十分固执己见,不考虑别人意见。

出自春秋·左丘明《左傳·宣公十二年》。

例句

对一个刚愎自用的人说道理,彷彿在对牛弹琴。 

想不到他如此刚愎自用,怎么劝都没用。

你如此不听人劝告,刚愎自用,后果不可想象的。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
媾和交战国缔结和约,结束战争状态。也指一国之内交战团体达成和平协议,结束战争。
例句:就在同一天,罗马第一次提出媾和倡议。
Conclusion Of Peace
奋勇当先意思是鼓起勇气,赶在最前面。
例句:蓝军将士各个奋勇当先,各尽其能。五分钟后,前锋便取得了进球,切尔西队2:0领先。
muster one’s courage and fight in the vanguard
退却意思是倒退;指军队在作战中向后撤退。
例句:敌军在我们士兵的进攻下退却了。
retreat
利害意思是好的方面与坏的方面。 
例句:作为有利害关系的一方,他被告知不得投票。
advantages and disadvantages
刚愎指固执己见,不肯接受他人的意见。
例句:麦克既固执又刚愎自用,脾气还很坏。
perversity

成语——分道扬镳

Meaning of the Idiom

fen dao yang biao(Each goes his own way.)

During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, there was a mayor of Luoyang named Yuan Zhi. He was talented in writing and efficient in his work, so Yuan Zhi had great authority before Emperor Xiaowen.

One day, Yuan Zhi went out by carriage, he met the official LiBiao on the road. Libiao position higher than yuan Zhi, according to etiquette Yuan Zhi should give way to LiBiao, but Yuan Zhi dont agree to give way to LiBiao, two people dont give way to each other, they had to come together to see Xiaowen emperor. Li Biao said: “I am a senior official of the state, how can the mayor of Luoyang argue with me?” Yuan Zhi said, “All those who live in Luoyang are listed on my household register. Do I have any reason to avoid them?”

Emperor Xiaowen looked at them and said, “Luoyang is our capital. It is time to go our separate ways. From now on, you will go your separate ways.” From then on Yuan Zhi and LiBiao folding ruler measure road, each occupies half.

分道扬镳

[fēn dào yáng biāo],多比喻志趣、目的不同,各走各的路。

出自出自《魏书·河间公齐传》。

例句

他俩同居多年,终因志趣不合分道扬镳

他们已分道扬镳闯自己的事业去了。

福凯与欧文斯曾经是并肩打击偷猎者的盟友,但后来因在策略上意见不合而分道扬镳了。 

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
干练意思是能办事且有经验。
例句:在我眼里,她是个很干练的人。
capable and experienced
强悍意思是指强横勇猛,亦指强横勇猛的人。
例句:这些海盗变得很强悍,商船的船长们坚持认为他们的国家应该设法剿灭。
doughty
威信意思是威望与信誉。
例句:随着一系列新政的失败,总统的威信持续下降。
Prestige
毫不谦让指丝毫不愿礼让或退让。
例句:虽然就这个问题已经讨论了几个小时,他俩还是毫不谦让,坚持要按自己的方法解决。
without humility
争执不下意思是各持己见、互不相让地争论而没有结果。 
例句:两国政府依然对这个岛的归属问题争执不下
Dispute
抗衡意思是彼此对抗,不相上下。
例句:面对廉价的外国倾销商品,经营规模小的本地商业无法与之抗衡
contend against/with
趋避意思是指趋利避害;趋吉避凶。
例句:凡事都要多方打听,风头不对,就要趋避一下。
avoid

成语——千变万化

Meaning of the Idiom

qian bian wan hua(tens of thousands of changes)

King Mu of Zhou often went to various places to inspect the conditions of the people. Once, he met a skilled craftsman named Yan Shi.

King Mu of Zhou saw Yan Shi and asked him, “I heard that you are a great craftsman. What do you think of your ability?” Instead of answering King Mu’s question directly, Yan Shi invited him to show him his latest creation, a strange doll, saying, “This is the puppet I made that looks like a real person. Now let him sing and dance for the king.”

The Marionette sang a beautiful little tune, and when he had finished, he bent down to thank him. Then, with the music played by the musicians, the marionette gently twisted his waist and jumped up the ever-changing dance steps, as if a fairy descended to the earth.

King Mu of Zhou did not believe that this “man” who could sing and dance was really a lifeless puppet, so he would retreat and take a look inside. The Yan Shi took apart the puppet and showed it to King Mu of Zhou. The original puppet is really made of wood, leather, rubber paint and other materials. Then the puppet teacher put it back together again, and it performed vividly again.

King Mu of Zhou could not help but exclaim: “This is really incredible!”

千变万化

[qiān biàn wàn huà],比喻变化很多。

出自《列子·周穆王》。

例句

探照灯和焰火使得天空的颜色千变万化

我的衣服可以根据不同的场合搭配出千变万化的造型。

冰的结构和颜色也千变万化。冰中的空气含量越少,其颜色变化就越多。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
微服意思是为隐藏身份,避人注目而改换常服。
例句:王子微服旅行以避开人群及避免欢迎仪式。
incognito
打量意思是从上到下, 仔仔细细地观察。
例句:我对着镜子,挑剔地打量着自己。
Looked
半信半疑意思是一半相信,一半怀疑。表示对真假不敢肯定。
例句:这些消息传到村子里,但人们只是半信半疑
dubitation
婉婉指和顺的样子。
例句:庭院树影的掩映下,她婉婉走来,在场的人都看呆了。
gentle
绕梁三日形容音乐高昂激荡,虽过了很长时间,好像仍在回响。
例句:他的音乐绕梁三日,回味无穷。
resounding and prolonged
躬身指俯屈身体,以示恭敬。
例句:客人们离去时,仆人躬身送他们出门。
Bending
释疑指消除疑问或疑难。
例句:警察询问后他又想了一想,试图为自己释疑
Clear up doubts
活灵活现意思是形容神情逼真、传神,使人有亲眼所见的感觉。
例句:在洞穴墙上发现的壁画,各种动物活灵活现,这是他们之前从未看到过的。
vivid
不可思议对事物的情况、发展变化或言论无法想象。 
例句:真是不可思议,她好像知道我在想什么似的。
 Incredible

成语——大义灭亲

Meaning of the Idiom

da yi mie qin(to punish one’s own relations in the cause of justice)

During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC), there was many dukedoms under the king of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. These dukedoms often fought one another to expand their territories. And within a dukedom, the struggle for power frequently occurred. A typical case was the murder of the Duke of Wei by his younger brother Zhou Xu.

Zhou Xu committed the crime with the help of an important official called Shi Hou. Eventually, Zhou Xu became duke himself. Then he launched wars against other dukedoms and the people suffered. There were complaints and resentments all around.

When he learned about this, Zhou Xu was worried. He talked with Shi Hou about how to stabilize the situation and win back people’s confidence. Shi Hou said:”That’s easy. I’ll ask my father to speak for us. He is highly esteemed by all the officials and the people. I’m sure he’ll help us out.”

Shi Hou’s father, Shi Que, had been a high-ranking official serving under the former duke. He resigned when Zhu Xu seized power. He hated Zhou Xu for his murder of the former duke. He also hated his own son, Shi Hou, for his part in the murder.

Now, Shi Hou came and asked him for help. the father said, “A duke’ ascendance to power should be granted by the king. If the king approved it, all the problems will be solved.”

“But how can we bet the king’s approval?” Shi Hou asked his father. The old man said, “The Duke of Chen is trusted by the king and his dukedom has good relationship with ours. If you and Zhou Xu go to the Duke of Chen and ask him for help, I’m sure he is willing to say a good word for you before the king.”

Shi Hou passed his father’s word to Zhu Xu and they went to the Dukedom of Chen. But before they arrived, the old man sent an express letter in secret to the Duke of Chen asking him to kill the two murderers.

As soon as Zhou Xu and Shi Hou arrived in the Dukedom of Chen, they were arrested. Some officials from Wei made a special trip to Chen to kill the two men. They put Zhou Xu to death but hesitated to kill Shi Hou because of his father. When the old man learnt about this, he said firmly :’My son has also committed the murder of the duke. What’s the good to have him in the world!” he sent his own man to Chen and beheaded Shi Hou. Later historians commented: “To safeguard the interest of the country, Shi Que did not bend the law for the benefit of his relative. It’s really a case of cutting off consanguinity for the sake of righteousness!” Hence comes the idiom “Uphold justice at the cost of one’s blood relation”.

大义灭亲

[dà yì miè qīn],指为了维护正义,对犯罪的亲属不徇私情,使受到应得的惩罚。

出自《左传·隐公四年》。

例句

法官大义灭亲,判处自己朋友的儿子十年徒刑。

历史上那些能大义灭亲的人物,都是令人敬佩的。

这次因为他父亲大义灭亲出面作证,才能定他的罪。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
溺爱是指过分宠爱。
例句:溺爱他的父母,在他13岁时给他买了第一辆自行车。
spoil
大兴土木意思是大规模地盖房子。
例句:公元前246,嬴政称秦国国王,开始大兴土木建造自己的陵墓。
build largely
不堪重负意思是承受不了繁重的负荷,不能担当重任,指在经济上或别的方面无法承受。
例句:新冠病毒的迅速扩散导致大量病人产生,医疗机构不堪重负
overwhelmed
雪上加霜意思是在雪上还加上了一层霜,在一定天气条件下可以发生,常用来比喻接连遭受灾难,损害愈加严重。
例句:探险队碰到了一面绝壁,不得不停下来,然而雪上加霜的是,他们携带的淡水也快喝完了。
Add Insult to Injury
怨声载道原义是怨恨的声音充满道路(载:充满。道:道路),后形容人们强烈的不满和怨恨。
例句:民众对水电费的大幅增长怨声载道
complaints are heard everywhere
篡位意思是臣下夺取君主的权位。
例句:麦克白谋害了国王,意图篡位得到权力。
Usurp the throne
行径指行踪、行迹。
例句:我对他们的卑劣行径感到愤慨。
act
伺机侦候可乘之机。
例句:那只猫在墙上伺机捕捉鸟儿。
watch for one’s chance
惩处意思是惩罚处分。
例句:这部新法律加强了对滥用枪支者的惩处
punishment
大逆不道原意是指犯上谋反等反叛行为。在现代汉语中指罪孽深重,严重破坏固有秩序的行为。
例句:虽然不是很光彩,但这点儿事也算不上大逆不道
worst offence

成语——名不虚传

Meaning of the Idiom

ming bu xu chuan(deserve the reputation one enjoys)

During the reign of Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, there was a swordsman named Guo Jie. He is a small man, but he loves chivalry. When he was young, he did some bad things, but later he realized that it was wrong, so he changed his behavior, and people gradually changed their opinion of him.

Guo Jie’s local reputation is growing, and some of the richest people have frequent contact with him. Guo Jie had a nephew who forced himself to drink alcohol with others. The man killed him in a rage and fled. Later, the murderer came back to tell the truth to Guo Jie. Guo Jie thought that his nephew was at fault, not only did not add the crime to him, but also let him go. Guo Jie is so fair that people respect him all the more.

Soon after, the government ordered the arrest of Guo Jie in connection with a murder case. But many people defended him, and the official reported back to Emperor Wudi that Guo Jie was innocent. Minister Gong Sunhong said: “Guo Jie may not have killed people, but as an ordinary person, he became famous, because some small contradictions caused others to kill, this crime is more serious than his own murder.”

Emperor Wudi took his advice and Guo Jie’s whole family was killed.

名不虚传

[míng bù xū chuán],原义是传出的名声与实际相符合,不是虚假的;确实很好,不是空有虚名,真实。

出自西汉·司马迁《史记·游侠列传》。

例句


他是一个名不虚传的诗人。

没过多久,公众就认识到Scott将军果然名不虚传

法国人喜爱休闲、爱好美食的名声果然名不虚传,根据一项最近公布的调查,法国人花在睡觉和吃饭的时间比全球其他富有国家的民众都要长。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
貌不惊人是指相貌平常,没有什么引人注意的地方。
例句:别看这份小吃貌不惊人,可在我们那也是小有名气,是农家宴中必不可少的一道菜。
an ordinary appearance
行侠仗义讲义气,爱帮助别人,专打抱不平的人。
例句:鲁智深嫉恶如仇,是水浒传中行侠仗义的大英雄。
Chivalric
痛改前非意思是彻底改正以前所犯的错误。
例句:该是痛改前非的时候了。
thoroughly rectify one’s errors
厚施薄望意思是施舍接济别人的很多,但并不希求人家知恩报答。
例句:这位游侠一直独来独往,以周穷济贫、厚施薄望著名,受到帮助的人都非常敬重他。
Give generously and expect little
恭俭意思是恭敬俭约。
例句:不要过分恭俭了,我们要坦率地讨论我们之间存在的分歧。
Respect and frugality
大逆不道原意是指犯上谋反等反叛行为。在现代汉语中指罪孽深重,严重破坏固有秩序的行为。
例句:虽然不是很光彩,但这点儿事也算不上大逆不道
worst offence

成语——不屈不挠

Meaning of the Idiom

bu qu bu nao(the candle moth flies into the fire — to bring destruction on oneself)

Wang Shang was a minister of the Western Han Dynasty and served as the prime minister of Emperor Cheng of Han. He is honest and upright. However, Emperor Cheng’s uncle Wang Feng often used the emperor’s name to make money for himself. Wang Shang criticized Wang Feng’s practice, and Wang Feng became dissatisfied with him.

Once, the capital was suddenly rumored to have a flood. The whole city was in chaos. When the news reached the palace, Emperor Cheng summoned senior officials to confer. Wang Feng panicked and thought that the emperor should get on the ship as soon as possible. Other officials and people rushed to hide on the wall. All the ministers agreed with Wang Feng. Only Wang Shang firmly opposed it. He thought that it must be a rumor, and that the order to mount the wall at this critical moment would further disturb the people. Emperor Cheng of Han adopted Wang Shang’s advice. After a few days, the city also gradually calm down, the results of the investigation confirmed that. Emperor Cheng of Han considered Wang Shang honest and stable and often praised his opinions. However, Wang Feng regretted his wrong words and became more resentful towards Wang Shang.

When one of Wang Feng’s relatives failed to perform his managerial duties, Wang Shang arranged for him to be scrutinized. Wang Feng asked Wang Shang for mercy, but Wang Shang insisted on his principles. Wang Feng is more resentful of Wang Shang, he made one thousand ways to search for his shortcomings, and then sent someone framed. Emperor Cheng of Han did not believe him, so he issued an edict to prevent excessive investigation. But Wang Feng stubbornly insisted, Emperor Cheng had no choice but to dismiss Wang Shang as Prime minister. Three days later, Wang Shang vomited blood and died.

Ban Gu commented in the Book of Han that Wang Shang suffered many disasters and was deposed because of his honesty and unyielding spirit.

不屈不挠

[fēi é pū huǒ],屈:屈服;挠:弯曲,不屈不挠比喻在压力和困难面前不屈服,表现十分顽强。

出自东汉·班固《汉书·叙传下》。

例句

要更上一层楼,唯一的途径就是艰苦奋斗,不屈不挠

不屈不挠的精神帮助他对抗病魔。

我们只有不屈不挠才能战胜自然灾难。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
耿直意思是(性格)正直、直爽。
例句:他不但才华横溢,而且为人耿直
upright
骄横跋扈基本意思为形容骄傲放肆,目中无人。
例句:当贵族依旧骄横跋扈时,整个国家充满了不满情绪。
overbearing and unbridled
独揽大权意思是一个人把持着权力,独断专行。
例句:公司里只有他独揽大权,根本听不进其他人的意见。
grasp at authority by oneself
谣传指广为流传而无明确基础或来源的信息。
例句:那些谣传一点也不可靠。
rumour
惊慌失措意思是由于惊慌,一下子不知怎么办才好。
例句:我们被那消息弄得惊慌失措
panicked
附和指对别人的言行因赞同而表示应和、追随,也指随和别人的言行。
例句:对他们的意见要加以分析,不要随声附和
echo
老成持重指人经验丰富,办事老练稳重,不轻举妄动。
例句:陌生人摆出一副老成持重的神色,将这句话重复了一下。
experienced and prudent
千方百计意思是想尽种种办法;用出种种计谋。
例句:医生千方百计想使他活下来,但无济于事。
make every effort to
诬陷意思是伪造事实,加以陷害他人。
例句:我需要查出谁试图诬陷我。
framed
器重意思是上因才能对下看重;重视。
例句:上司似乎很器重你,你要抓住机会表现。
regard highly
废黜(chù)指罢免;革除(官职)。
例句:总统在军事政变中被废黜
depose

成语——飞蛾扑火

Meaning of the Idiom

fei e pu huo(the candle moth flies into the fire — to bring destruction on oneself)

During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Dao Gai, a diligent man in the Liang Dynasty, became an official.

Dao Gai had a grandson named Jin, who was very clever since he was a child. Dao Gai liked him very much and would accompany him to read and write poems whenever he had time. Dao Jin’s achievements in poetry and literature surpassed Dao Gai’s when he was an adult, and he was greatly appreciated by Emperor Wu of Liang.

Once, Emperor Wu of Liang joked with Dao Gai, “I can write articles with ink stone and brush brush with ease. It was like a moth to a flame, completely forgetting that it might be destroyed. You are an old man, and your grandson writes so well. Why not let your grandson write instead of you?”

Dao Jin was soon appointed as an official by Emperor Wu of Liang.

飞蛾扑火

[fēi é pū huǒ],意思是飞蛾扑到火上,比喻自找死路,自取灭亡。

出自隋·姚察等《梁书·到溉传》。

例句

他这样做犹如飞蛾扑火,自取灭亡。

这家伙畏罪潜逃,今天自己送上门来,岂不是飞蛾扑火

事情过去了就算了,再去理论就等于飞蛾扑火

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
潜心苦学意思是静下心集中精力,刻苦学习某类知识和技能。
例句:王羲之每日潜心苦学,终成一代书法大师。
Study hard
豪放指气魄大而不拘小节,也指处理事情果断有魄力。
例句:他这个人做事豪放不羁。
bold and unconstrained

成语——得陇望蜀

Meaning of the Idiom

de long wang shu(to have insatiable desires)

During the Eastern Han Dynasty, after Wang Mang usurped the Han Dynasty and established a new dynasty, a man named Cen Peng served as a county magistrate in his hometown. Later, Liu Xiu raised troops hoping to rebuild the Han Dynasty, so Cen Peng led his troops to join him and was appointed as a general. He made a lot of contributions and won Liu Xiu’s trust and appreciation.

After Cen Peng followed Liu Xiu to conquer Tianshui, he besieged the rebel general Kui Xiao in Xicheng. At this time, Liu Xiu had to return to the capital Luoyang because of other important matters.

Before leaving, Liu Xiu left a letter telling Cen Peng: “After capturing Xicheng, you can directly attack Gongsun Shu in Xishu.”

The letter also said: “People’s hearts are always suffering from insatiability! After conquering Longxi, I look forward to marching into Western Shu!”

Later, Liu Xiuzhen eliminated Kui Xiao from Julong and Gongsun Shu from Shu, and restored the Han Dynasty regime.

The idiom “Delong Wangshu” evolved from here, and it is used to describe insatiable greed and unsatisfied.

得陇望蜀

[dé lǒng wàng shǔ],原意是指已经取得陇右,还想攻取西蜀(陇:今甘肃一带;蜀:今四川一带),后成为讥讽人不知道满足、总想得到更多的意思。

出自《东观汉记·隗嚣传》。

例句

他们就是这样得陇望蜀,永远无法心满意足。

人家已尽了最大心力帮忙了,我们不好得陇望蜀,再提出别的要求。

人心不足蛇吞象,得陇望蜀的人最终结果是交不到好朋友。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
割据意思是以武力占据部分地区,在一个国家内形成分裂对抗的局面。
例句:我们无法接受自己国家的割据分裂。
set up a separatist regime by force of arms
称霸意思为依仗权势、武力横行霸道,欺压别人。
例句:他否认他的国家想称霸欧洲。
Dominate
牵制意思指约束;控制;拖住使不能自由行动。
例句:如果没有应急计划,你就会受许多意料不到的事情的牵制
control
相持指双方对立、争持,互不相让。
例句:双方相持不下,看来短时间内很难有结果。
refuse to budge
断后军队撤退时,派一部分人在后面掩护。
例句:这位骑士让国王先走,自己带领几个人在小路上断后
cover the rear
掩护采取警戒、牵制、压制等手段,保障人员行动的安全。 
例句:他们设法在夜色掩护下逃跑了。
cover for
归顺指向外部势力归附投诚。
例句:这几个武士非常佩服将军,立刻放下刀剑表示归顺
come over and pledge allegiance
势如破竹指形势如同劈竹子一样,劈开上头几节,下面各节就顺着刀口裂开了。后比喻节节胜利,毫无阻碍。
例句:在战胜了这个强劲对手后,接下来的比赛就势如破竹,最终他取得了冠军。
Like a hot knife cutting through butter
直逼指迅速的靠近。
例句:本地股指骤降,直逼3000点大关。
approach
凌厉指凌空高飞;意气昂扬,气势猛烈。
例句:他画画笔锋粗犷凌厉
swift and fierce
闻风意思是指听到音讯或传闻。
例句:当地人闻风丧胆,视此为禁地。
To hear news or hearsay
大惊失色形容十分慌张,吓得脸色都变了。
例句:她发现孩子不见了,大惊失色
be greatly frightened
夙愿意思是一向怀有的愿望。
例句:她一直未能实现当名作家的夙愿
long-cherished wish