成语——高山流水

Meaning of the Idiom

gao shan liu shui(lofty mountains and flowing water

In the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), there was a man named Yu Boya. He was a famous lute player who was proficient in melody. When he was young, Yu Boya was bright and eager to learn. He used to worship high people as his teacher and his guqin skills reached a very high level. However, he always felt that he was not able to express his feelings for various things excellently. Knowing his idea, Boya’s teacher took him by boat to Penglai Island in the East China Sea so that he could enjoy the scenery of nature and listen to the waves of the sea. When Boya looked up, he saw the waves surging and the waves splashing. Seabirds flutter and sing in their ears; Mountains and trees, lush, such as into the fairyland. A wonderful feeling arises spontaneously, as if the ear of the harmonious music of nature. He could not help picking up the guqin and playing it, turning the notes at will, blending the beauty of nature into the music. Boya experienced an unprecedented state. The teacher told him, “You have learned.”

Once, a boat trip to Boya. Facing the breeze and the bright moon, his mind was full of thoughts, so he began to play the guqin again, and the sound was melodious. Suddenly heard a shout from the shore. Hearing the sound, Boya got out of the boat and saw a woodcutter standing on the bank. He knew that this man was a good friend and immediately asked the woodcutter to get on board and played for him with great enthusiasm. When Boya played a song of praise for the mountains, the woodcutter said, “Good! Majestic and solemn, like the towering Mount Tai!” When he played to represent the surging waves, the woodcutter said, “Good! Broad and vast, like seeing rolling water, boundless sea general!” Boya was excited and said excitedly, “Bosom friend! You are my bosom friend.” The woodcutter was Zhong Ziqi. The two became very good friends and agreed to meet again the following year.

However, Boya never saw Zhong Ziqi again because he had died of illness. After playing the last piece in front of Zhong Ziqi’s tomb, Boya broke the guqin and never played it again.

高山流水

 [gāo shān liú shuǐ],比喻知己或知音,也比喻乐曲高妙。

出自列子·汤问

例句

这种高山流水之乐,真是人间难得几回闻。 

现在流行音乐充斥,这种乐曲恐怕是高山流水,难有人欣赏。

这位钢琴家演奏的乐曲,有如高山流水,听得人如痴如醉。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

词语华文解释英文解释
聪颖好学颖是出众;聪颖好学就是聪明好学的意思。
例句:他从小就聪颖好学,是远近闻名的神童。
Smart and eager to learn
出神入化意思是形容技艺高超达到了绝妙的境界。
例句:经过几十年的磨练,他的剑术已经到了出神入化的程度。
reach the acme of perfection
举目眺望意思是抬头望向很远的地方。
例句:登上山顶他举目眺望,云山雾海,一片绚丽的景色。
Lift up one’s eyes
郁郁葱葱意思是形容草木苍翠茂盛,也形容气势美好蓬勃,生机勃勃的样子。
例句:这片丘岭草木茂盛,郁郁葱葱
luxuriant and green
油然而生形容思想感情自然而然地产生。
例句:而这部优秀的电影也会让你的同情油然而生
arise spontaneously 
情不自禁意思是感情激动得不能控制。强调完全被某种感情所支配。
例句:喜剧演员专业的表演让观众情不自禁地大笑。
in spite of oneself
境界境界指人的思想觉悟和精神修养,也是自我修持的能力。
例句:瑜伽练习通过冥想,可以让修炼者进入一种更高的意识境界
realm
思绪万千意思是指思想的头绪相当多,思虑复杂多端。
例句:一想到自己的恋人,她思绪万千,脑子里乱作一团。
fill one’s mind with a myriad of thoughts and ideas
悠扬意思是形容声音高低起伏、悦耳和谐而传播很远。
例句:他们离寺院越近,钟声就越响,越悠扬
melodious
渐入佳境原义是甘蔗下端比上端甜,从上到下,越吃越甜;后比喻境况逐渐好转或兴趣逐渐浓厚。
例句:现在我的感觉是渐入佳境
Getting Better
循声意思是顺着声音。
例句:他循声跑过去,来到一处建筑工地。
hearing
对答如流意思指回答问话像流水一样快。形容口才好,反应快。
例句:那小男孩对每个问题往往能对答如流
answer fluently
唯恐意思是唯独害怕(担心),只怕(担心),只怕某一事物。
例句:他们听不到她的消息时,唯恐发生了最坏的事。
for fear that
装腔作势意思是故意装出一种腔调,做出一种姿势,用来比喻故意做作。
例句:我不喜欢她那装腔作势的样子。
strike an attitude
巍峨意思是形容山或建筑物高大而雄伟。
例句:站在山脚下,感受到的只是它的巍峨
 tall and rugged
凝神指聚精会神。
例句:顿时台下鸦雀无声,听众凝神聆听。
attentively
奔腾澎湃奔腾:飞奔疾驰;澎湃:波涛冲击声。形容声势极大。
例句:洪水奔腾澎湃,一下就漫过溪谷,冲倒了小木屋。
Surging forward
千载难逢本义是一千年也难碰到一次,后比喻机会非常难得。
例句:这是千载难逢的机会。
once in a blue moon
知音指对作品能深刻理解、正确评价的人。
例句:不知道他是否有个可以畅谈理想的知音
Bosom Friend
不知不觉意思是没有意识到,没有觉察到。
例句:他们陶醉在美好的假期中,不知不觉已过了三个月。
unconsciously
转瞬即逝意思是形容转眼之间就很快消失。
例句:我想要比此刻更好的东西,但它转瞬即逝
written in water
惦记意思是心里一直想着的,放不下。
例句:整整一周我一直惦记着这场比赛。
remember with concern
有异意思是有异状。
例句:听到屋外的脚步声,他立刻明白情况有异
differ
伤心欲绝意思是指极度悲哀,万分伤心的样子。
例句:母亲去世的时候,我伤心欲绝
Inconsolable
嚎啕大哭表示放声大哭的样子。
例句:她对着父亲的遗体嚎啕大哭
howl

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