成语——四面楚歌

Meaning of the Idiom

si mian chu ge(hearing the Chu songs on four sides

At the end of the Qin Dynasty(221-206 B.C.) the State of Chu and the State of Han fought for control for the country.

Xiang Yu, the king of Chu, was besieged at a place called Gaixia by the Han army led by Liu Bang. Xiang Yu was in a desperate situation, with little food and only a few soldiers.

At night, the surrounding Han troops started to sing Chu folk songs. Xiang Yu was very surprised at this, and said:” Has Liu Bang occupied the whole of Chu? How can he have drafted so many Chu people into his army?” Then he fled together with the remainder of his forces.

This idiom is used metaphorically to mean to be in a helpless and critical situation, surrounded by the enemy on all sides.

四面楚歌

sì miàn chǔ gē,指四面八方皆响起楚地的山歌;比喻四面受敌,孤立无援。

出自汉·司马迁《史记·项羽本纪》。

例句

这种四面楚歌的境地,他想来当真没有多大把握能够冲的出去。

你若在会议上提出这个问题,必然四面楚歌,备受责难。

破产的消息传了出来,跟他讨帐的人纷纷而来,他顿时陷入四面楚歌的境地。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

词语华文解释英文解释
率领意思是带领,领导。
例句:几个年轻人在小强的率领下,一齐拥到球场里要和那几个学生比拼一下球技。
lead , head , command
互不侵犯指双方相互关系中不得以任何借口进行侵略、打扰。
例句:这两个国家经过几次谈判,最终确定了互不侵犯的原则。
Non-aggression
规劝指郑重地劝说、劝告。
例句:他因为不重视父母的规劝,结果犯了大错。
admonish
劣势意思是在力量或态势上处于比对方不利的地位。
例句:对手比他高大,而且体重也高过自己,这让他的拳击比赛存在一些劣势
inferior position (strength)
思乡之情是指思念家和家乡的一种情绪。
例句: 看到这些熟悉的景物,让他不由心里涌出一股思乡之情
homesickness
计谋意思是用某种方法算计人或事物,使其达到自己预期的目的。
例句:这位侦探使用了一些计谋,终于让那个嫌疑人说了真话。
stratagem; scheme
扰乱指打乱;使混乱。
例句:一辆汽车突然冲了过来,扰乱了行进的游行队伍。
disturb; create confusion
被迫意思是指受外界迫使。
例句:在警察的包围下,匪徒被迫放下武器。
forced to

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s