成语——闻鸡起舞

Meaning of the Idiom

wen ji qi wu

Rising Up upon Hearing the Crow of a Rooster to Practise Sword Playing.

Meaning of people of high aspirations who lose no time to prepare themselves for a great future.

Zu Ti of the Jin Dynasty(265-420)was a big-hearted and farsighted person, however, he was very naughty and did not like to study when he was a small kid. When he became a young man, he felt acutely that his knowledge was inadequate and that he could not serve his country well if he did not study hard. So he put all his energies into his study. He read extensively, seriously studied history from which he absorbed rich knowledge, and made good progress in his studies.

Later, both Zu Ti and Liu Kun, his best friend, were appointed chief clerks responsible for document administration in the Sizhou Prefecture. he and Liu Kun cherished a deep affection for each other. Once, Zu Ti heard a cock crow in the wasteland in his dream at midnight. He kicked Liu Kun a wake and saying to him:” People say it is inauspicious to hear a cock crow in the wasteland. I don’s think so. What about getting up and practicing sword playing the moment we hear the cock crow form now on?” Liu Kun agreed readily. So every day when the cock crow, they got up and practiced sword playing, the cold steel of the swords glinting and flashing. Day by day, they never stopped. Through long periods of hard study and training, they finally became versatile persons versed in both civil and military affairs. They could write good essays, and were capable of leading troops in fighting victoriously.

This story appears in “The Life of Zu Ti” in The History of the Jin Dynasty. From this story people have coined the set phrase” rising up upon hearing the crow of a rooster to practice sword playing” to signify that someone is exerting himself to do something worthwhile. It is also used to signify that a person of noble aspirations exerts himself in time.

闻鸡起舞

wén jī qǐ wǔ ,闻鸡起舞,原意为听到鸡啼就起来舞剑,后来比喻有志报国的人即时奋起。

出自《晋书·祖逖传》。

例句

他每天5点钟便起床锻炼身体,风雨无阻,这种闻鸡起舞的精神可敬极了。

越王勾践卧薪尝胆,闻鸡起舞,最后打败了吴国。

学习,就要有闻鸡起舞的精神,勤奋、勤奋、再勤奋。

Reading The Paragraphs!

Meaning of Words

 

 词语华文解释英文解释
胸怀坦荡胸怀是“心中所怀”,就是人对事物的宽容和承受力。胸怀坦荡就是敞开胸怀容载万物。
例句:她胸怀坦荡,从不隐瞒自己的过失。
open and poised; open affectionate heart
远大抱负意思是远大的志向、理想。
例句:人可以不介意从底层做起,但是一定要有远大抱负
great ambition
贫乏形容钱财上或精神上穷困,贫困;欠缺,不足。
例句:我们愈是学习,愈感觉到自己的贫乏
poor; short; lacking
报效意思是为报恩而效力。
例句:国家遭受到了恐怖分子的袭击,士兵知道报效祖国的时机来到了。
serve
汲(jí)取意思是吸取、吸收。
例句:他们自以为从过去的错误中汲取了教训。
draw; derive; absorb
辅佐(fǔ zuǒ)协助,多指政治上,如协助君主治理国家 。
例句:选举人团队全心全意地辅佐候选人,终于让他获得足够的选票当选总统。
assisted; adjuvant 
推荐意思是推荐,介绍。
例句:昨天,老师向我们推荐了几本适合小学生阅读的书。
recommended
不懈(xiè)指不放松;不松懈;不间断的。
例句:我们为您在寻求和平方面做出的不懈努力向您表示敬意。
persisting; steady; untiring 
栋梁之才栋梁,支持房屋的大梁。 栋梁之才,比喻能肩负国家重任、担当大事的人才。
例句:每个青年都应该努力向上,刻苦学习,使自己成为国家的栋梁之才
 a man of tremendous promise;
欣然意思是非常愉快的,自然的(指表情上的)高兴的样子。
例句:她未经思考就欣然接受邀请。
readily
铿锵(kēng qiāng)形容乐器声音响亮有力,也用于形容人声洪亮或深沉坚定。同时用来形容诗词文曲声调响亮,节奏明快。铿锵是象声词,有响亮和激越的含意。
例句:这首十四行诗读起来音调铿锵,回味无穷。
sonorous
文韬武略(wén tāo wǔ lüè)表示文武双全、大智大勇,在军事政治等方面具有卓越才能的人。
例句:孙权文韬武略、胆识过人,不愧为一代豪杰。
military expertise

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